Advantage And Disadvantage Of Division Of Labour

Division Of Labour

Division Of Labour, In the past, people have divided different forms of labor among family members. Some worked outside the home and others worked inside. But all the same carrying out necessary activities and obligations that contributed to the wealth of the family. Government and social life are two examples of areas of work and life where this organizational structure may be used. But, there are benefits and drawbacks to the division of labor in our working lives.

What is Division of Labour?

Division of labor is when a production process is broken down into a number of distinct processes, each of which is carried out by a single person or group of individuals. A worker specializing in the production of a small portion of a product may not see the finished product and may not use it. It is a complex process primarily used in industrialized communities.

The division of labor is evident, for instance, in the publishing sector, where each employee or group of employees is responsible for some tasks. They include: writing, typing, editing, filming and plating, printing, folding, collating, sewing, binding, and, lastly, trimming. All these give rise to the complete publishing of a book.

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Advantages Of Division Of Labour

1. Production growth

Without a doubt, division of labor frequently result in an increase in production since the numerous experts involved in the manufacturing process collaborate to raise productivity. Consider it this way: If several people are to complete a task rather than a single person, the result will undoubtedly be more effective and significant.

2. Saves time

The time that would have been lost switching from one operation to another is another benefit of the division of labor. This is true when the task at hand necessitates a wide range of abilities. As a result, division of labor speeds up the process rather than switching from one task to another.

3. Enhanced skill development

In any profession, consistency is what increases a worker’s experience level. Through repetition of the same procedure, workers can gain more skill and experience thanks to the division of labor and specialization. Yet, this could also be a drawback since it will inversely decrease creativity.

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4. Efficiency

Focused employees can master a single task more quickly and increase output. Finding fresh materials, turning on machinery, and moving across a workplace all take time when switching between jobs. Reducing these tasks by assigning people to only one task can speed up the team’s construction of the finished product.

Employees may also participate in tasks in which they excel. A sales team with two members, for instance, might have one person who is strong with numbers handle reporting and estimates and another who is good with people handle networking and outreach.

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5. Collaboration

By combining their knowledge and enthusiasm to produce a stronger end result, people with different skills can be inspired to work together on the same project. Each individual can contribute their knowledge and expertise to the project.

For instance, businesses can select the best supplies anywhere in the world and transfer them to facilities that have a crucial production skill. They might also employ engineers and designers from different countries. Because of the range of people working on it and the diversity they can bring to it, the finished product may be more successful.

division of labour

Disadvantages Of Division Of Labour

1. Repetition or Monotony leading to boredom

The repetition of a single work over an extended length of time might make an employee bored and burn out. Employee productivity and general job satisfaction can suffer from boredom. Employees may not take a personal interest in their work if there is no sense of evolving purpose, which could make them dissatisfied or less diligent in their work. By allowing employees to rotate through several stations and pick up new abilities, some businesses choose to address this issue.

2. A decline in quality of workmanship

Workers can no longer employ their expertise in the creation of commodities due to the usage of machines in the division of labor; instead, they become machine-minded.

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3. Inequality

The effort, accountability, or advantages may not always be evenly distributed when you divide the work among your staff. As an illustration, two construction workers are nailing a hefty beam into place while the other worker holds the beam in position. The individual holding the beam can be exerting more effort without receiving a merited raise or credit. An injury has occurred as a result of the unequal physical effort caused by this labor division. By paying fairly, allocating positions equitably, and monitoring their workplace for unfair treatment, businesses can eliminate these inequities.

4. Increase in unemployment rate

Machines are typically employed with few workers when there is a division of labor. As a result, the number of employed people tends to decline.

5. Interdependence

Workers and industries may need to rely on one another before production can begin as a result of the division of labor. The closure of the entire production may occur if such workers or the industry are absent.

What are the factors affecting division of Labour?

The influencing factors are:

  1. Personal Characteristics
  2. Workplace Conditions
  3. Political, social, and economic circumstances
  4. Employer-Employee Relationships.

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How can division of labour boost productivity?

Workers are able to concentrate on a few or even one task because there is an even distribution of labor amongst them. They become more proficient at a task the more they concentrate on it, which reduces the time and cost necessary to produce a good.

What is Specialization?

Specialization is the concentration of an individual, a company, or a nation’s productive impact in a certain area of economic activity or on a specific line of production where it has the greatest competitive advantage; division of labor is merely the segmentation of work.


In conclusion, we may agree that the division of labor benefits the producers, the workers, and society at large. Its advantages exceed its drawbacks. We also provide update on division of labour in biology, division of labour examples, division of labour in economics, advantages of division of labour, division of labour pdf, division of labour advantages and disadvantages, division of labour adam smith, division of labour sociology

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Frequently Asked Questions About Division Of Labour

Who founded the division of labor?

While giving lectures and penning The Wealth of Nations in the 1760s and 1770, Adam Smith developed his theories on the division of labor (1776).

What is one significant drawback to the division of labor?

In The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith made the infamous claim that the size of the market determines how much labor is divided throughout the population. This is so that each person can specialize in their line of work while still having access to a wide variety of goods and services.

What does the division of labor look like in the modern world?

A automobile manufacturing is a good illustration of the division of labor in the modern economy. An assembly line, which may extend for more than a mile and have employees stationed at various points along it, is used to assemble cars.

What is the major difference between division of labour and specialization?

The major difference is that the division of labor happens when labor specialization in a particular stage of the manufacturing process occurs.

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